Extracting wisdom teeth is a common dental procedure performed worldwide. However, postoperative complications may occur, one of which is an abscess after wisdom tooth removal. This comprehensive guide aims to shed light on the causes, symptoms, preventative measures, and treatment options for this condition.

Understanding Wisdom Tooth Removal

Wisdom teeth, also known as third molars, are the last set of teeth to emerge, usually between the ages of 17 and 25. Due to limited space at the back of the mouth, these teeth often become impacted, leading to various oral health problems. That’s why many dentists recommend their removal.

However, while the procedure is generally safe and effective, complications can occur during the healing process. One such complication is infection, which may manifest as an abscess.

Abscess After Wisdom Tooth Removal: An Overview

An abscess is a pocket of pus that forms around the tooth or in the surrounding soft tissues due to bacterial infection. After wisdom teeth removal, the open socket is prone to bacteria, which can lead to an abscess if not treated promptly.

Understanding the causes, symptoms, and appropriate preventive measures is crucial for maintaining oral health after the extraction.

Causes of Abscess After Wisdom Tooth Removal

Several factors can contribute to the development of an abscess after wisdom teeth removal.

1. Poor Oral Hygiene

Poor oral hygiene is one of the primary contributors to post-operative infections. Neglecting good oral hygiene practices can lead to the accumulation of bacteria, food particles, and plaque, which can easily cause an infection at the extraction site.

2. Bacterial Contamination

Another common cause of infection after wisdom teeth removal is bacterial contamination. The mouth is teeming with bacteria, and any disruption or breach in the surgical site can introduce harmful bacteria, leading to an infection.

3. Dry Socket

Dry socket, scientifically known as alveolar osteitis, is a condition that can increase the likelihood of infection after wisdom teeth removal. It occurs when the blood clot that forms in the socket dislodges or dissolves prematurely, exposing the underlying nerves and bone. This condition can be extremely painful and leaves the extraction site susceptible to infection.

Recognizing the Symptoms of Abscess After Wisdom Tooth Removal

Early detection and prompt treatment of an abscess are critical. If you experience any of the following symptoms after wisdom tooth removal, consult your dentist immediately:

  • Persistent or worsening pain around the extraction site
  • Swelling in the gums, cheeks, or face
  • Foul odor or taste in your mouth
  • Fever
  • Difficulty opening your mouth or limited jaw movement
  • Pus or discharge around the extraction site

These symptoms may not necessarily indicate an infection, but it’s essential to get an evaluation from your dentist to rule out any complications.

Treatment Options for Abscess After Wisdom Tooth Removal

If you’re diagnosed with an abscess after wisdom teeth removal, your dentist will recommend a suitable treatment plan based on the severity of the infection. Here are some common treatment options:

1. Antibiotics

Antibiotics are commonly prescribed to combat the infection and prevent it from spreading further. It’s crucial to take the prescribed antibiotics as directed and complete the entire course, even if your symptoms improve before the medication is finished.

2. Warm Saltwater Rinse

Rinsing your mouth with warm saltwater can help reduce inflammation and promote healing.

3. Pain Relief Medication

Over-the-counter pain relief medications can help alleviate discomfort and reduce inflammation.

4. Drainage of Abscess

In some cases, if an abscess has formed, your dentist may need to drain it to remove the accumulated pus and alleviate pain and pressure.

5. Surgical Debridement

Surgical debridement may be necessary for severe infections that do not respond to other treatments. This involves removing infected tissue and thoroughly cleaning the extraction site to promote healing and prevent further complications.

Prevention of Abscess After Wisdom Tooth Removal

Preventing an abscess after wisdom teeth removal primarily involves maintaining good oral hygiene and adhering to post-operative instructions. Brushing your teeth gently, including the extraction site, after the first 24 hours of surgery can mitigate the risk of infection. Avoid vigorous rinsing or spitting, which can dislodge the blood clot in the socket.

Your dentist may prescribe antibiotics after the surgery to minimize the risk of bacterial contamination. It’s essential to strictly adhere to the prescribed dosage and complete the entire course of antibiotics to combat any potential infection effectively.

The Role of Picasso Dental Clinic in Managing Abscess After Wisdom Tooth Removal

At Picasso Dental Clinic, our team of highly-experienced dental professionals provides comprehensive dental care, from routine check-ups to complicated procedures like wisdom teeth removal. Since 2013, we have served over 57,000 overseas patients from 62 different nationalities.

Our dental experts are equipped to handle any complications, such as an abscess after wisdom tooth removal. We adopt a patient-centric approach, providing personalized care that caters to your specific needs. Our accessible, professional, and optimistic care ensures that you feel valued and cared for, promoting a positive dental experience.

In the event of a suspected infection, we offer prompt dental care, evaluating your condition and administering the appropriate treatment. With proper care and attention, we ensure a successful and infection-free recovery after wisdom tooth removal.


An abscess after wisdom teeth removal is a potential complication that can occur during the healing process. By understanding the causes, symptoms, and preventive measures, you can minimize the risk of infection and promote a smooth recovery. Remember to maintain good oral hygiene, follow post-operative instructions, and seek prompt dental care from Picasso Dental Clinic if you suspect an infection. With proper care and attention, you can ensure a successful and infection-free recovery after wisdom tooth removal.

Don’t let infections spoil your recovery! Contact us today to learn how to deal with this issue. Schedule an appointment at Picasso Dental Clinic, one of the best dental clinics in Vietnam.